This area encircles many foreign establishments. C 21 It houses a significant proportion of prime up market residential neighborhoods of Mumbai including: Peddar Road, Nepean Sea Road, Breach Candy and also includes some of the richest boulevards in the world, more prominently the Hanging Gardens, the Altamont Road and the Carmichael Road. And because of this importance, South Mumbai is full of street food vendors selling everything eatable their by trying to indulge you in culinary delight The Financial Times Limited Reference Acho-Chi, C.
The mobile street food service practice in the urban economy of Kumba, Cameroon, Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 23 2 , pp. Street foods, the role and needs of consumers. Expert consultation on street foods. Basinski, S. C 22 Bharathi, S. NIN, Hyderabad. Bhowmik, S. A Raw Deal? Bryan, F. Critical control points of street-vended foods in the Dominican Republic. Journal of Food Protection, 51 5 , — Risks associated with vehicles of food-borne pathogens and toxins.
Importance-satisfaction analysis of street food sanitation and choice factor in Korea and Taiwan
Journal of Food Protection, 5 6 , — Geneva: WHO. C 23 Bryan, F. New Delhi.
Kime, T. Hygienic and sanitary practices of vendors of street foods in Nairobi, Kenya. Organizing Street Vendors.
The Research Paper
There is nothing unsophisticated about the complexity of the spices, seasonings, and flavors, or the variety of cooking techniques needed to present the finished dish. Finally researcher will find out the business Strategies applied by street food vendors in their businesses and the problems face by them on a day today basis.
Three-Stage Sampling method, like multi- stage sampling, which uses the combinations of various sampling techniques Agresti and Finlay , has been used to draw sample from Mumbai. The survey was conducted in the month of February, The component of analysis as well as chief stakeholder of the study was the street vendors in Mumbai South-Mumbai.
C 29 all major cities in India. As the present research paper is mainly primary data based, three stage sampling method has been designed to draw sample. In each cluster, street vendors have been divided into six segments such as vegetables vendors, fruits vendors, chat vendors, snack vendors, beverage vendors and sweet vendors. This quota depends on the number of street vendors of each part and street vendors have been selected at random within each quota. The samples selected from each study area have been shown in the below table 1 and table 2 which as follows respectively: C 31 research questions are explorative in nature, open ended questions helped to explore the current situations.
Personal interview of 50 individual street vendors and 30 consumers and two key respondents have been conducted during survey - Ms. Arvind Singh Co-coordinator, NASVI These two key respondents are basically active members from member based organizations to know the role of these member based organizations for the street vendors in Mumbai. After, explaining socio-demographic and economic profiles of the vendors based on primary data, author has explained the outcomes on the basis of the questionnaire analysis and interviews carried out.
The sex composition of the street vendors in the study area shows that there are around 77 percent of the vendors is men vendors and about 23 percent is women. Some of vendors having graduation, about 1.
C 32 is one of the easiest means of earning for livelihood as it requires minor financial input. Hence, they became street vendors. It is seen that there are few of the vendors whose income is quite high and it depends according to their business types, age of the business, location and product they sold. Interestingly, it is noticed from the data that the profit margin of the vendors those who sold raw materials, namely, vegetable vendors, fruit vendors, food vendors is quite striking than others category of vendors.
These vendors earn about 50 to 60 percent profit of their daily sales. Establishing connections with people and organizations well-known with the street food vending system of Mumbai was a first step in this research project. Interviews with experts from different institutions, governmental and non-governmental, were carried out, namely representatives from the Municipal Corporation of Mumbai, the traffic Police and the National Association of Street Vendors of India NASVI. Annie Besant Road. Observation, literature research and photographic documentation were further methods engaged during field research.
C 33 Reference Bales, R. Brenner, M. Cannell, C. F and Kahn, R. Oppenheim, A. Reeves, T. Silverman, D. Wax, R.
Interviews with street food vendors were conducted with the help of standardized questionnaires. Different areas within the city were selected mainly targeting the South Mumbai region, where most of the higher income-groups live. Interviews were conducted in front of railway stations, in residential areas, along main streets, and in front of business complexes and schools and colleges. Figure 1. Vegetables: Onions, tomatoes, eggplants, potatoes, fenugreek leaves, bitter gourd, lady fingers etc.
Papdi-Chaat: Crispy wafers garnished with a combination of potatoes, tomatoes, chickpeas, yoghurt and flavored with spices and red and green chutney. Pani-Puri: Hollow puri made of refined flour and water, fried crisp size small enough to fit in the mouth and filled with a mixture of water, tamarind, chili, chaat masala, potato, onion and chickpeas. Ragda-Pattie: A dish of two parts--ragda, a yellow pea soup and patties. C 36 Dahi-Balla: It is a black gram balls or dumplings in spiced yogurt, with sweet Indian sauce. Idli: Steamed cakes made of fine batter of black gram and rice, served with chutney or sambhar.
Vada- Pav: Indian burger — deep fried ball of potato mixture with spices and seasonings sandwiched between pav with spread with sweet and sour sauce. Egg- bhurji: Shallow fried scrambled egg with mixture of onion, green chilies, coriander and spices, serve with pav Indian bread. Kebabs: Minced meats marinated with different spice and cooked on skewers on charcoal griller.https://froogted.tk
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Kheema pav: Minced meats cooked with spices and served with pav. Chinese food: Includes popular dishes like Chilly chicken, chicken fried rice, Szechwan chicken, chicken lollipops, spring rolls, manchow soup, hakka noodles etc. C 37 Malpua: Deep-fat fried patties of thick batter mixture of refined flour and mashed bananas and soaked in sugar syrup. Zeera Chaas Cumin flavored Buttermilk Lassi: Sweetened blended yoghurt Mango Lassi: Mango flavored plain lassi Dryfuit Lassi: Lassi spiked with dry fruit powder Mint Lassi: Mint flavored lassi A number of studies on street food safety that have been carried out across India, out of which some of them in Mumbai points out that street food raise concerns with respect to their potential for serious food poisoning outbreaks, due to microbiological contamination, improper use of additives and the presence of adulterants and environmental contaminants, as food is often not covered, as well as because of the poor personal hygiene of vendors and improper handling of food, which is very much true as per the observation carried by the author during the secondary data collection.
It was also seen that there is short of both clean water and facilities for garbage disposal. Also when asked if the above suggestions given by the consumers were practiced, will their purchasing frequency go high and the answers of the majorities were affirmative. C 40 When the consumers were told about the concept of bringing European light food such as waffles, pancakes, crepes etc on the streets of South Mumbai by means of Mobile Carts, fifty-three percent were delighted and were looking forward to the above the mentioned concept but at the same time there were thirty-seven percent who were satisfies with the existing food items available on the streets and thus were not enthusiastic about the concept, whereas ten percent preferred to give no response.
Nineteen percent take a special trip in order to mainly purchase fruits and vegetables. Thirty-eight percent said it differed: sometimes they merely stopped by; sometimes they went specifically to buy food. In general, snacks or beverages were consumed when passing by, while special trips were more common for fruits or vegetables.
Availability of food at convenient times and locations for the consumer are other very important factors. Eight customers accepted of the zoning system; they shared the opinion that vendors should be provided with a conveniently set aside area in which to carry out business and that they should no longer be allowed on the streets where they hinder traffic.
C 42 Three people were against the new regulation, saying that street food vendors should not be regulated in this way, as it would jeopardize their livelihoods. Nine of the questioned customers did not have a view on this subject. When talking about the spending power of the consumers on street food daily, it was noticed that majority i. Daily on street food, which only justifies that if the food taste good and is convenient, consumers are ready to spend on an average anywhere between fifty rupees daily.
While 20 percent favored Pav-bhaji as their favorite street food twenty percent conscious about their health went for South-Indian food such as Masala dosa, idli-chutney etc. Also there were twenty-seven percent people who avoided fried items, while there were seventeen percent who never purchased or consumed meat products on the streets of South-Mumbai.
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C 44 Figure. Figure Major Problems of Vendors According to a. Their Own Statements a.
Those who did not talk about bribery as problem said they did not have to pay any. C 45 It is however, unclear, why some vendors are made to pay and others, selling in the same area, are not. Having to pay bribes is linked with the problem of zoning and traffic, as vendors often have to pay to traffic police in order to be allowed to stay on a road or sidewalk where they are not supposed to sell, because they are said to hinder traffic. Bribery is also closely linked to harassment, as making vendors pay is one from of harassing them. According to vendors, it is also common for traffic police or BMC officials to consume without paying.
Also vending children seem to be the most likely sufferers of this form of persecution.